Corneal transplantation is a method whereby the diseased cornea of the patient is replaced with a healthy cornea from the donor.
The patient may need replacement if the cornea gets diseased due to infection or if the cornea becomes opaque due to old resolved infection, post problems due to cataract surgery (pseudophakic bullous keratopathy), keratoconus or congenital problems
With newer advances in corneal transplantation now specific layers of cornea can be replaced like the anterior layers (Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty DALK), or Descemets’ layer (Descemets stripping endothelial keratoplasty DSEK). In addition the entire five layers of cornea could be replaced which is known as penetrating keratoplasty (PK) if the disease involves all layers.
To schedule an Appointment at Mungale Eye Hospital, you will need to call on 0265-6580311 or 0265-2430101 between 9am to 6.30 pm on week days.
The hospital is closed on Sundays.
Visit the Mungale Eye Hospital to obtain copy of your Medical Records.
The eye needs light in order to work, but too much bright sunlight may be associated with damage to the retina (age related macular degeneration). It is sensible therefore always to wear a hat/cap with a brim or dark glasses when out in bright light.
The most important environmental factor associated with eye disease is smoking – smoking is bad for retinas. Yet another reason to give up the habit!
Diet is also important – dark green leafy vegetables (spinach, kale, and broccoli) contain micronutrients that are important for the health of the retina. A balanced diet is sensible for all sorts of reasons.
Vitamin and mineral supplements in the form of pills or powders have a limited role in protecting the eyes in someone eating a balanced diet. There are some forms of age related macular degeneration that can be helped by these pills – consult your doctor if in doubt. Remember that too many supplements can also be harmful so always only take the recommended dosage.
Cornea, the main focusing part , is the clear front surface of the eye. Like a window, it allows light to enter the eye. Vision could be markedly reduced or lost if the cornea becomes cloudy or scarred. This condition is known as corneal blindness.
Injuries to the eye, birth defects, malnutrition, infections, chemical burns, congenital disorders and complications of eye surgery.
Persons with AIDS, Hepatitis B and C, Rabies, Septicaemia, Acute leukemia (Blood cancer), Tetanus, Cholera, and infectious diseases like Meningitis and Encephalitis cannot donate eyes.
The eye bank is a nonprofit organization and obtains, medically evaluates and distributes eyes which are donated by humanitarian citizens for use in cornea transplants, scleral reconstruction, research and education. To ensure patient safety the donated eyes and the donor’s medical history are evaluated by the eye bank staff in accordance with the Eye Bank association of America’s (EBAA) strict medical standards.
The most important action you can take is to tell your family and legal representative. Most states now require that families be offered the option of donation when a loved one dies. Families may give consent for donation. It is most helpful if they know how you feel in advance. A donor card can serve as an indication to your family, your legal representative and hospitals of your intention to be an eye donor.